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Jams, Marmalades And Fillings

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Too much sugar spoils the taste of the fruit in homemade jam

Too much sugar spoils the taste of the fruit in homemade jam

Jam simply consists of fresh fruit boiled with a half to two-thirds its
weight of white cane sugar until the mixture jellies.

Nearly every housekeeper has her own recipe for jam. One that I know of
uses a whole pound of sugar to a pound of fruit and boils it for nearly
two hours. The result is a very stiff, sweet jam, much more like shop jam
than home-made jam. Its only recommendation is that it will keep for an
unlimited time. Some recipes include water. But unless distilled water can
be procured, it is better not to dilute the fruit.

The only advantage gained is an increase of bulk. The jam may be made just as liquid by using rather less sugar in proportion to the fruit. A delicious jam is made by
allowing 1/2 lb. sugar to every pound of fruit and cooking for half an
hour from the time it first begins to boil. But unless this is poured
immediately into clean, hot, dry jars, and tied down very tightly with
parchment covers, it will not keep. Nevertheless, too much sugar spoils
the flavour of the fruit, and too long boiling spoils the quality of the
sugar. A copper or thick enamelled iron pan is needed.

The best recipe for ordinary use allows 3/4 lb. sugar to each pound fruit.
Put the fruit in the pan with a little of the sugar, and when this boils,
add the rest. Boil rather quickly for an hour. Keep well skimmed. Pour
into hot, dry jars, and cover.


To 1 large Seville orange (if small, count 3 as 2) allow 3/4 lb. cane
sugar and 3/4 pint water. Wash and brush oranges, remove pips, cut peel
into fine shreds (better still, put through a mincer). Put all to soak in
the water for 24 hours. Boil until rinds are soft. Stand another 24 hours.
Add the sugar, and boil until marmalade jellies. If preferred, half sweet
and half Seville oranges may be used.


For small, open tarts, the following mixture is a good substitute for the
lemon curd that goes to make cheese cakes. Peel, core and quarter some
juicy apples. Put in a double saucepan (or covered jar) with some strips
of lemon peel (yellow part only) and cane sugar to taste. Cook slowly to a
pulp and, when cold, remove the lemon rind. Grate finely, or mill some
Brazil nuts. Mix apple pulp and ground nut together in such proportions as
to make a mixture of the consistency of stiff jam. Fill tarts with mixture
and sprinkle top with ground nut. It must be used the same day as made.


To every pound of fresh fruit allow 1/2 lb. dates. Wash the fruit, put it
in the preserving pan, and heat slowly, stirring well to draw out the
juice. Wash and stone the dates. Add to the fruit, and simmer very gently
for 45 minutes. Put immediately into clean, hot, dry jars, and tie on
parchment covers at once.


1 lb. lump sugar, 3 lemons (the rinds of 2 grated), yolks of 6 eggs, 1/4
lb. butter.

Put the butter into a clean saucepan; melt, but do not let it boil. Add
the sugar, and stir until it is dissolved. Then add the beaten yolks, and,
lastly, the grated lemon rind and juice. Stir over a slow fire until the
mixture looks like honey and becomes thick. Put into jars, cover, and tie
down as for jam.


Peel the marrow, remove seeds, and cut into dice. To each pound of marrow
allow 1 lb. cane sugar; to every 3 lbs. of marrow allow the juice and
grated yellow part of rind of 1 lemon and 1/2 a level teaspoon ground
ginger. Put the marrow into the preserving pan, sprinkle well with some of
the sugar, and stand for 12 hours. Add the rest of the sugar, and boil
slowly for 2 hours. Add the lemon juice, rind, and ginger at the end of
1-1/2 hours.

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